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Ted Turner - zgodovina

Ted Turner - zgodovina

Ted Turner

1938-

RTV podjetnik

Ted Turner se je rodil v Cincinnatiju v Ohiu 19. novembra 1938. Obiskoval je šolo McCallie v Chattanoogi v Tennesseeju. Obiskoval je univerzo Brown. Pred diplomo so ga izključili, ker so ga ujeli z žensko v svoji sobi. Podjetje očetov je prevzel po očetovem samomoru Turner Advertising in ga preraslo v svetovno podjetje.

Potem ko je Turner v šestdesetih letih 20. stoletja uspešno pomladil oglaševalsko dejavnost svojega pokojnega očeta, se je osredotočil na televizijo. Njegovi predstavitvi Cable News Network leta 1980 je sledila drzna širitev drugih Turnerjevih medijskih interesov. CNN, ESPN, TBS in TMC so le nekatera Turnerjeva kabelska podjetja. Turner se je pridružil tudi ameriškim omrežjem, kot sta CBS in ABC, in je lastnik številnih poklicnih športnih franšiz v Atlanti.

Turner Broadcasting se je leta 2001 združil s Time Warnerjem in Turner je postal največji delničar novega podjetja. Po tem, ko je družbo kupil AOL, je cena delnice padla in Turner je izgubil približno 7 milijard dolarjev


Zvestoba Teda Turnerja Fidelu

Ogledali smo si zgodovino Ted TurnerPrijateljstvo s Fidelom Castrom. V zvezi s tem, tukaj je osvetljen odlomek iz intervjuja iz leta 2008 z Billom O'Reillyjem iz Fox News:

O’REILLY: Fidel Castro, ali občuduješ moškega?

TURNER: Da.

O'REILLY: Zdaj je umoril ljudi. Zaprl je ljudi. Zdaj so politični zaporniki. Svojim ljudem ne bo dovolil uporabe interneta. Tega ne more uporabiti nihče. In občudujete fanta?

TURNER: No, občudujem nekatere stvari o njem. Izobrazil je veliko zdravnikov in imajo enega najboljših izobraževalnih sistemov v svetu v razvoju. In veste, še vedno je priljubljen pri veliko ljudeh spodaj. Nepriljubljen je…

O'REILLY: Ampak on je morilec. On je morilec. Je fant, ki…

TURNER: Kolikor vem, to nikoli ni bilo dokazano. Mislim…

O'REILLY: Usmrtil je politične zapornike. Mislim, zasužnjuje ljudi, ki tega ne vidijo tako, kot ga vidi on. Daj no. Vodi diktaturo.

Kasneje v intervjuju je O'Reilly izpostavil dejstvo, da sta Turner in njegova žena Jane Fonda so bili goreči nasprotniki ameriške vpletenosti v Vietnam. O'Reilly je Turnerju povedal, da se je v prejšnji oddaji na glas vprašal, ali je Fonda motilo, da je »po vsem vašem aktivizmu in spravi Amerike iz Vietnama ... da so ljudje, ki ste jih levizirali, zabili 3 milijone ljudi, Severni Vietnam. in komunisti rdečih Kmerov, ki jih ne bi pobili, če bi ostali. In njihove lobanje so bile zložene ena na drugo. " O'Reilly je dodal, da niti na Fonda niti na Turnerja ni prejel odgovora na svoje vprašanje. Na kar je Turner odgovoril: "Imaš me. Nisem res razmišljal o tem. Veš, to ni prineslo veliko novic. "

Da, to je ustanovitelj CNN -a povedal o umoru milijonov ljudi s strani Severnih Vietnamov in Rdečih Kmerov: "to ni prineslo veliko novic." In res ni veliko razmišljal.

Po Turnerjevem intervjuju z O'Reillyjem je kubanski pisatelj v izgnanstvu Humberto Fontova komentiral Turnerjevo trditev, da "nikoli ni bilo dokazano", da je Fidel koga ubil. "Tudi najbolj trdovratni apologeti kubanske revolucije," je zapisala Fontova,

nikoli niso podali tako transparentno nesmiselne trditve in z dobrim razlogom. Po črni knjigi komunizma je bilo na Kubi do leta 1964 usmrčenih 14.000 moških in dečkov-kar je enako več kot 3 milijonom usmrtitev v Združenih državah Amerike…. , je bil vedno ključnega pomena za komunistično iskanje in vzdrževanje oblasti. Komunisti so si vedno želeli, da bi bilo to znano kot sredstvo za ustrahovanje opozicije.

Tudi leta 2008 je Turner sam intervjuval Castra na CNN. Morda je to najnevarnejši intervju, ki ga je kdajkoli vodil kdor koli z vodjo države. Castro je dal vrsto absurdnih izjav - na primer, da je Kuba v času njegovega predsedovanja vedno uživala popolno svobodo veroizpovedi in da so bili gospodarski problemi njegove države v celoti krivi ameriškega embarga. Prav tako je dal nezaslišano pretirane trditve o kubanskih medicinskih in izobraževalnih dosežkih. In Turner - ki je bil videti popolnoma uniformiran in popolnoma lahkoveren - ni izpodbijal niti besede.

Letos je izšla nova knjiga, Dvojno življenje Fidela Castra, dolgoletnega Castrovega telesnega stražarja. Razkril je, da je imel Castro, ki se je pretvarjal, da uživa v preprostem življenju, pravzaprav skriven otok, kjer je imel »majhno pristanišče za hitro (42 vozlov!) Luksuzno jahto, počitniško hišo, plavajočo palico/rešetko, mini-Sea Svet itd. "

Le nekaj izbranih posameznikov je bilo povabljenih na obisk otoka. Med njimi je bil Ted Turner, ki je pridno čuval skrivnost svojega tovariša.


Vsebina

Park Vermejo je bil prvotno del donacije Maxwell Land Grant. Potem ko je park Vermejo v poznem 19. stoletju šel skozi več lastnikov, William H. Bartlett (1850–1918) iz Chicaga, je Illinois leta 1902 od družbe Maxwell Land Grant Company kupil 205.000 hektarjev (83.000 ha). Bartlett je izselil številne živeče Mehičane v parku Vermejo. Najel je bližnjega prijatelja in čikaškega arhitekta Josepha Lymana Silsbeeja, ki mu je pomagal pri izboljšavah, vključno s tremi velikimi stanovanji (vključno z glavno hišo Casa Grande) in elektrarno. V park je ponovno uvedel lose in zgradil ter založil več jezer s postrvjo. Lastništvo je razširil na 300.000 hektarjev (120.000 ha).

Bartlett je leta 1918 umrl na ranču, njegovi sinovi, ki so upravljali ranč, pa so umrli v dveh letih.

Sindikat poslovnežev iz New Yorka, St. Louisa in Chicaga se je odločil za nakup ranča in organiziral klub Vermejo Park Club, ki je članarine prodajal Tex Austinu, Billyju Mitchellu, Amonu Carterju in družini Frederick Guest. Član družine Guest je ustrelil losa, ki je bil takrat deveti največji na svetu, zdaj pa je na ogled v Prirodoslovnem muzeju v New Yorku. Sindikat pa ni mogel dvigniti izklicne cene za 1,8 milijona ameriških dolarjev, prvotni klub pa je bil razpuščen. [2]

Leta 1926 je Los Angeles Times baron Harry Chandler je nepremičnino kupil od Bartletta. [3] Leta 1927 so Chandler in njegovi vlagatelji odprli nov klub Vermejo Park, ki je privabil Willa Rogersa, Cecila B. DeMillea, Douglasa Fairbanksa, Mary Pickford, Harveyja Firestona in Herberta Hooverja. Med veliko depresijo je bil klub razpuščen, čeprav so se dejavnosti rančevanja nadaljevale. [4]

W. J. Gourley, poslovnež v Fort Worthu, je leta 1945 začel kupovati nepremičnine na območju parka Vermejo in njegovo površino povečal na 480.000 hektarjev (1.900 km 2). Ranč je uporabljal tako za rekreacijo kot za rejo živine. 23. decembra 1955 je velika srednja gostilna pogorela, hlevi pa so bili prenovljeni, da so postali glavno družabno in jedilnico ranča, ki se zdaj imenuje "hlevi". [2] [5]

Gourley je umrl leta 1970, Pennzoil pa je nepremičnino od svojega posestva kupil leta 1973 za 26,5 milijona ameriških dolarjev in njeno površino povečal na 588.000 hektarjev (2.380 km 2). Pennzoil je nadaljeval z živinorejo in razširil prostore za goste. [5] Leta 1996 je Ted Turner kupil posest od Pennzoila in dal poudarek upravljanju z divjimi živalmi. Večino nekdanje živine je uporabljal za bizone [6], ki jih v Severni Ameriki tradicionalno imenujejo bivoli. Tam se je rodil Ralphie V, maskota Ralphie Colorado Buffaloes. [7] Potem ko je tam živel nekaj časa, se je odločil, da ga odpre plačljivim gostom. [8]

Premog, zemeljski plin in nafta Edit

Vermejo ima velike vire ogljikovodikov, ki naj bi obsegali 300-letno zalogo bituminoznega premoga, bilijone kubičnih metrov zemeljskega plina in neznane količine nafte. [2]

Pridobivanje premoga na zemljiščih, ki so kasneje pripadala Vermeju, se je začelo leta 1880. Na ranču je bilo ustanovljenih sedem rudarskih naselij in rudnikov: Blossburg, Brilliant, Tin Pan Canyon in Swastiks v kanjonu Dillon in Gardiner, Koehler in Waldron v bližini. Vsi so se nahajali na nižjih nadmorskih višinah na ranču med nadmorsko višino 6.460 čevljev (1.970 m) in 2.200 m. V rudnikih premoga je bilo leta 1911 zaposlenih 3563 rudarjev. Ti rudarji so bili sestavljeni predvsem iz lokalnih hispanskih delavcev in številnih nedavnih priseljencev v ZDA, zlasti iz Italije in Grčije. [9] Drugi rudniki premoga so bili tik pred mejami Vermeja, zlasti v Dawsonu v Novi Mehiki, kjer je leta 1913 v najhujši rudarski katastrofi, ki se je zgodila v Združenih državah, leta 1913 umrlo 263 rudarjev. [10] Proizvodnja premoga se je zaradi visokih stroškov pridobivanja premoga počasi zniževala do zanemarljive ravni in leta 2002 popolnoma prenehala. [11] Zemljišča, onesnažena ali motena s premogovništvom, se še vedno obnavljajo.

Ko je Pennzoil leta 1996 nepremičnino prodal Turnerju, je ohranil pravice do mineralov. Turner pa je družbi lahko naložil strog okoljski nadzor za pridobivanje zemeljskega plina. Leta 1999 je Pennzoil svoje mineralne pravice prodal naravnemu plinu El Paso. Do leta 2011 je bilo na posesti 970 vrtin zemeljskega plina, od tega 840 v Novi Mehiki in 130 v Koloradu. [12] Čeprav je proizvodnjo metana iz premogovnika v Vermeju označeval kot okolju prijazno, je naravni plin El Paso naletel na nasprotovanje javnosti, ko je poskušal izkoristiti vire zemeljskega plina na sosednjem območju Valle Vidal v javni lasti. Leta 2007 je kongres iz energetskega razvoja in rudarstva umaknil 101.794 hektarjev Valle Vidal. [12]

Vermejo, zahodno od mesta Raton, je največji sestavni del Turnerjevega imperija ranča z 2.000.000 hektarji (810.000 ha), ki ga dosledno uvršča med prvih deset zasebnih lastnikov zemljišč v Združenih državah. [13] Leži večinoma v zahodni okrožju Colfax v Novi Mehiki, manjši deli pa segajo v severovzhodno okrožje Taos v Novi Mehiki ter jugozahodno okrožje Las Animas in jugovzhodno okrožje Costilla v Koloradu.

Nadmorske višine Vermeja segajo od 1.780 m na kanadski reki v bližini Maxwella v Novi Mehiki do vrha Big Costilla, ki se dviga na 12.941 čevljev (3.941 m) na zahodni meji rezervata in meji med Novo Mehiko in Koloradom. Večino rezervata sestavlja parkovska planota, del porečja Raton, precej razkosano planoto z nadmorsko višino od 2.000 m do 2.700 m. Najzahodnejši podaljšek Vermeja je v gorah Sangre de Cristo z nadmorsko višino od 2700 m nad leseno črto. Zahodno mejo tvori osem milj dolg greben sever-jug s štirimi vrhovi nad 3.890 m, vključno z vrhom Big Costilla. [14]

Večino Vermeja izliva kanadska reka in njen pritok, potok Vermejo. Kanadska je del povodja reke Mississippi. Majhen del na zahodnem delu ranča, East Fork of Costilla Creek, se izliva v Rio Grande. Rezervoar Costilla je na vzhodnem odcepu potoka Costilla. Okoli 20 jezer, naravnih in umetnih, je raztresenih po višjih nadmorskih višinah. [15]

Vermejo ima značilna življenjska območja južnih Skalnatih gora. Pod 2000 m visokih ravnic prevladujejo travnata in stepska vegetacija. Od 6.000 čevljev (2.000 m) do 2.400 m (2200 m) gozdov piñon borovcev in brinov je pogost, zlasti na pobočjih, obrnjenih proti jugu. Borovi gozdovi Ponderosa najdemo na nadmorski višini med 7.200 čevlji (2.200 m) in 2.600 m. Mešani iglasti gozd, ki ga sestavljajo večinoma jelka, bela jelka in bor ponderosa, najdemo med nadmorsko višino 2.100 m (3.000 m) in 9.800 čevljev (3.000 m). Med nadmorskimi višinami od 3.000 m do 3.700 m je subalpski iglasti gozd, sestavljen pretežno iz smreke Engelmann, jelke in borovca. Tresoča se je raztresena tako v mešanih iglavcih kot v podalpskih gozdovih na nadmorski višini od 8.000 čevljev (2.400 m) do 10.300 čevljev (3.100 m). Nad pasovno linijo, na približno 1200 čevljih (3700 m), je alpska tundra. Travniki in travniki so na vseh višinah prepredeni z gozdom.

Podnebje Vermeja je večinoma polsušno. Nižje nadmorske višine prejmejo povprečno 15 ali 16 (400 mm) centimetrov padavin letno, večinoma poleti. Na srednjih in višjih nadmorskih višinah letno pade približno 22 palcev (550 mm) padavin. Temperature se razlikujejo glede na nadmorsko višino in izpostavljenost pobočja s širokim razponom med nižjo in višjo nadmorsko višino. Kopičenje snega je v zimskem času na višjih legah pomembno. [9]

Divje živali vključujejo 6.000 do 8.000 losov, 3.000 do 4.000 mulen jelenov, pronghorn, 1.400 bizonov, črnega medveda, pume, goveje ovce Rocky Mountain in purana Merriam (podvrsta divjega purana). [16] Lovne ribe vključujejo več vrst postrvi, vključno z grmom Rio Grande, ki preživi le v nekaj manjših potokih na svojem nekdanjem območju.

Ohranjanje Uredi

Črnonogi dihur je bil leta 1979 razglašen za izumrlega, vendar so v Wyomingu našli preostalo populacijo. [17] Vermejo je v sodelovanju z ameriško službo za ribe in prostoživeče živali leta 2008 v rezervat uvedel dihurje s ciljem vzpostaviti populacijo 120 belih dihurjev. Več kot 8000 hektarjev (3200 ha) prerijske rastline v rezervatu zasedajo prerijski psi, glavni plen belih dihurjev. [18]

Vermejo ima tudi dogovor s službo za ribe in prostoživeče živali, da pomaga ohraniti škrto postrv Rio Grande v majhnih potokih, v katerih živi. Število grmovnic Rio Grande se zmanjšuje in jih najdemo le v približno 10 odstotkih nekdanjega območja. [19] Vermejo sodeluje tudi s skavtskim rančem Philmont pri obnovi Ponil in Bonito Creeks v razmerah, v katerih lahko podpirajo populacije postrvi [20]

Vermejo izboljšuje kakovost svojega borovega gozda ponderosa s selektivno sečnjo in nadzorovanim kurjenjem ter spodbuja širjenje propadajočih tresočih gozdov. [21] Raziskave o različnih dejavnikih, ki vplivajo na prostoživeče živali na posest, in o sanaciji zemljišč, na katere vplivajo opuščeni rudniki premoga, so v teku.

Sončni objekt Cimarron na 364 hektarjih (147 ha) proizvede 30 megavatov električne energije, kar zadostuje za 9.000 hiš. [22]


Zaščitite in negujte te ideale

Na ameriško mizo smo ponovno predstavili bizone in s tem ustvarili trg za to meso, bogato z beljakovinami, s hranili. Bison je temelj našega jedilnika in ponosni smo, da postrežemo več bizonov kot katera koli druga restavracija na svetu.

Ponosni smo, da vsem gostom zagotovimo toplo in nepozabno doživetje, zaradi česar se počutijo bolje kot ob prihodu. Od sklede pol jurčkov do naših dvo dolarjevnih bankovcev vsakemu članu ekipe omogočimo, da oddaja trenutke velikega neba. so naravni in brez napora za Teda in naše goste.

Naše restavracije predstavljajo klasične salone 19. stoletja, kjer so se govedarji in kopenski baroni po napornem delovnem dnevu malo sprostili.

Verjamemo, da bomo prihodnjim generacijam pustili boljši svet. To boste videli v naši zavezanosti lokalnim pridelovalcem, papirnatim slamicam, milu Boraxo v naših sanitarijah in trajnostni izbiri pri delu v kuhinji.


Jane Fonda je pri svojem 82 -letnem življenju odkrita glede svojega spolnega življenja: 'Toliko sem že imela!'

Najboljši zabavni naslovi Fox News Flash za 10. oktober

Jane Fonda se o svojem spolnem življenju odpira pri 82 letih.

Igralka, ki se nikoli ne boji govoriti o najbolj intimnih podrobnostih svojega življenja, se je pojavila v oddaji "The Ellen DeGeneres Show", kjer jo je gostiteljica Tiffany Haddish vprašala, ali ima pri svojih letih "nor seks".

Fonda je odgovoril: "Ne, ne, nič."

"Nimam časa," je dodala. "Star sem in imel sem ga že toliko! Trenutno ga ne potrebujem, ker sem preveč zaposlen."

Jane Fonda prispe na 73. letno nagrado Golden Globe, ki poteka v hotelu Beverly Hilton. (Getty)

Igralka "Grace and Frankie" je delila tudi nekaj nasvetov, ki ji jih je povedal njen bivši mož Ted Turner.

"Moj najljubši bivši mož, Ted Turner, je vedno govoril:" Če predolgo čakaš, preraste. " Mislim, da ima prav, "je dodala.

Prejšnji mesec je zvezdnica razmišljala o odnosih v svojem življenju. Fonda je bil poročen z Rogerjem Vadimom od leta 1965 do 1973, Tom Hayden od 1973 do 1990 in Turner od leta 1991 do 2001.

V pogovoru za The Guardian je Fonda priznala, da se je pred kratkim vzela iz bazena za zmenke.

»[Ta del mojega življenja] je izginil. Lahko povem, "je dejal Fonda.

Priznala je tudi eno spolno srečanje, ki ga je preskočila in ga zdaj vidi kot "obžalovanje".

"O kom razmišljam in kar obžalujem, je Marvin Gaye," je Fonda povedal za New York Times.

Zmagovalca oskarja so sprva vprašali, ali ji je žal, da ni seksala s Che Guevaro, na kar je odgovorila: "Ne, ne mislim nanj."

Kar zadeva njeno srečanje z Gaye, je rekla: "On je hotel, jaz pa nisem."

Fonda je dodal: »Bil sem poročen s Tomom [Haydenom]. Spoznal sem veliko izvajalcev, da bi poskušal narediti koncerte za Toma, in ženska, ki mi je pri tem pomagala, me je predstavila z Marvinom Gayejem.


Ted Turner (r. 1938)

Ken Auletta, Media Man: Neverjetno cesarstvo Teda Turnerja (New York: Norton, 2004).

Porter Bibb, Ted Turner: Ni tako enostavno, kot izgleda: biografija (Boulder, Colo .: Johnson Books, 1997).

Jeremy Byman, Ted Turner: Tycoon za kabelsko televizijo (Greensboro, NC: M. Reynolds, 1998).

Robert Goldberg in Gerald Jay Goldberg, Državljan Turner: Divji vzpon ameriškega tajkuna (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995).

Richard Hack, Clash of the Titans: Kako je nebrzdana ambicija Teda Turnerja in Ruperta Murdocha ustvarila globalna imperija, ki nadzorujeta, kaj beremo in gledamo (Beverly Hills, Kalifornija: New Millennium Press, 2003).

Janet Lowe, komp., Ted Turner govori: Vpogled iz največjega Mavericka na svetu (New York: John Wiley in sinovi, 1999).

Reese Schonfeld, Jaz in Ted proti svetu: Nepooblaščena zgodba o ustanovitvi CNN (New York: Cliff Street, 2001).

Patricia Sellers, "Ted Turner je zaskrbljen človek", Sreča, 26. maj 2003.

Ted Turner z Billom Burkom, Pokliči me Ted (New York: Grand Central, 2008).


Poglejte v hišo Teda Turnerja na Floridi

Nemiren in neustrašen, vnetljiv in nemiren, do neke mere elemomosinaričen (ZN je dal milijardo dolarjev in razglasil: »Zabavno je delati dobro!«), »Televizijski« do tee (imel je prav, ko je rekel, "Mislim, da sem imel večino časa prav"), neoviran in neponovljiv, in s svojo brado z brazgotinami in brki Clarka Gableja, ki je še vedno drzno, pretirano čeden, Ted Turner ostaja lik, katerega dosežki in načini, da izpodbijajo našo lahkovernost . Človek, ki je koval začetnice, ki zapolnjujejo vse budne ure sveta - CNN - se je zasedel v sodobni mitologiji.

Toda nekdanja mitologija se je obrnil po "posebno ime", da bi krasil nasad zunaj Tallahasseeja, ki ga je kupil sredi osemdesetih let. To, da je končno imel svoje kraljestvo, ga je seveda vodilo nazaj v svet knjig zgodb kralja Arthurja, v katerem se je vedno domišljijsko predstavljal in kateremu pravzaprav pripada romantično. "Moja prva misel je bila, da bi jo poimenovali Camelot," pravi Turner, "a če pomislim, je bilo to malce preveč bahavo, zato sem ji dal drugo arturijsko ime - Avalon. Moj Avalon je tudi mistično mesto. " Nahaja se v regiji Red Hills na severu Floride in ni le naravoslovni raj, temveč zgodovinska lastnina, ki jo je leta 1826 ustanovil ugledni družini Gamble v Virginiji kot nasad bombaža Welaunee. (Tri stoletja prej je bil osvajalec Hernando de Soto, ki je po Floridi hodil po zlatu, je prečkal pot skozi kraj in njen ostanek je preživel do danes.)

"Ko sem ga kupil, je bilo okoli 8000 hektarjev in zame je bilo to malo v naporu," prizna Turner. "Ko začneš služiti denar, se na začetku ne počutiš bogatega, zato te vse, kar stane milijone dolarjev, rahlo prestraši - to sem storil jaz -, a ko sem z bogastvom živel dlje, sem se bolj navadil to. " V vsakem primeru dovolj navajen, da je ob poti nabral dodatnih 25.000 hektarjev, zaradi česar je Avalon največji nasad prepelic na Floridi ali v Gruziji. In dovolj vajen, da je tudi zbral - Turner raje "zbira" - skoraj dva milijona hektarjev večinoma zahodnega ranča, zaradi česar je po vsem svetu največji posamezni lastnik zemljišča v Združenih državah. Ta človek, ki je slavno živel v svoji pisarni v Adanti 10 let in si za 20 oblek ni privoščil nove obleke ali celo profesionalno frizuro, za Avalon pravi: »Dobil sem več zemlje, ker sem potreboval več zemlje - jaz želel to. Nikoli ne želim kupiti ničesar razen zemlje. To je edino, kar traja. "

Dolg dovoz je obložen z živim hrastom in starim borom, z njih kaplja potreben španski mah, na njegovem koncu pa se fantastično pojavi 15 pavov, ki štrlijo s svojimi čudovitimi stvarmi. Hiša nasadov kolonialnega preporoda s 15.000 kvadratnimi čevlji, z belo večkolumnasto fasado in ukrivljenimi dvojnimi krili označuje vse vrste milosti in vse graščine. "Vedno so mi govorili, da je bila zgrajena leta 1938, kar se mi zlahka zapomni, ker je bilo to leto mojega rojstva," ponuja Turner. Za hišo so trije sloji formalnih vrtov in 300 hektarjev naravnega jezera (tam je kilometer in pol stran še eno, umetno jezero, ki ga hrani z brancinom in orado). Očitno ni bazena na vidiku. "Ne hodim v bazene," pravi. "Nikjer nimam bazena."

Vedno podjetniški je Turner skrbel za nakup opremljenega Avalona. "Družini, ki jo je prodajala, sem preprosto povedal, da želim njihove starine - o tem sem se pogajal - in potem so z leti nekatere stvari odšle, nekatere pa so prišle." Pri Turnerju so prihajale navtične slike v jedilnici in dnevni sobi, portreti psov v predsobi in več podpisnih del Alberta Bierstadta, umetnika iz 19. stoletja, ki je slovel po svojih zlato obarvanih panoramah na novo odprl ameriški zahod. "Te pokrajine je naredil še boljše, kot so v resnici," se čudi Turner, ki ima v zasebnih rokah eno največjih zbirk Bierstadtov.

Najbolj izjemna slika v hiši pa bi morala biti portret Vivien Leigh kot pekoče ošabne Scarlett O 'Hara. »Ko sem kupil MGM z odlično filmsko knjižnico in bil lastnik Oditi z vetrom, Poigrala sem se z idejo o odprtju a Oditi z vetrom muzej v Atlanti in iskal sem spominke, ki bi jih kupil, da bi jih dal vanj, «pripoveduje Turner. "Ta slika se je pojavila in ko se muzej ni zgodil, sem jo obesil v svojo hišo. Ko Scarlett pove Rhetu, da ne bo več imela spolnih odnosov z njim, #C27 ne želi več otrok, ker ne želi več otrok. Rekla je: "Ponoči bom zaklenila vrata", on pa ji reče, da če bi hotel vstopiti, ga nobena ključavnica ne bi zadržala. Pozneje je v svoji spalnici po hodniku, kjer visi ta njena slika, vzame velik požirek viskija ali kaj podobnega, nato pa samo vrže svoj kozarec - vidiš oznako, kamor je zadel. " Pogost gost v Avalonu zaupa: »Prijatelji moških Teda vedno pokažejo na sliko in rečejo svojim ženam:« Odkrito, draga moja, me niti ne briga! «Nobena od Tedovih lastnih žena ali punc nikoli je zdržal to sliko, mimogrede, saj je prevelika konkurenca - zaradi tega je Scarlett gospa hiše. " Turner je pripravljen priznati, da se je "identificiral" s Scarlett tako malo kot z Rhettom: "Všeč ji je bila dežela, všeč ji je bil njen nasad - tista, kamor je hodila, ko je vse ostalo razpadlo."

Avalon je, samo od svojih več kot 20 večjih bivališč, kraj, kjer se Ted Turner ne obotavlja poklicati domov. Na Avalonu preživi več časa kot kjer koli drugje. "Enkrat sem se tukaj poročil," se prostovoljno javi in ​​poroča o svoji poroki z Jane Fonda leta 1991, ki je potekala v majhni zasebni kapelici na posestvu. Dejstvo je, da na Avalonu preživi več časa kot kjer koli drugje, celo leto lovi in ​​se septembra pojavi za golobico, od novembra do marca za prepelice, marca in aprila pa za purana. "Vse, kar streljamo, jemo," izjavlja.

Njegov sin Beau, usposobljeni biolog, ki je zdaj zadolžen za oddelek za naravne vire pri podjetju Turner Enterprises, komentira: "V mestu je veliko srca - srce mojega očeta. On je odsevni človek - ne gre samo ven in strelja vse, kar leti, temveč vidi različne ptice in jih tudi identificira. Res je bolj podoben ornitologu. " Ted Turner pove: "Tu so lesne štorklje, tukaj so orli. Spomladi in poleti so zmajevci, ki so precej redki, in ponovno smo predstavili detliča, ki je ogrožena vrsta-tam je tudi medved, črni medved. Aligatorjev je veliko - običajno ostanejo v jezeru, drugi dan pa je eden prišel tik do kuhinjskih vrat in iskal dobro južno kulinariko. " Dodaja: "Tukaj jemo hrano starega juga - to je tisto, kar zagotovo počnemo."

Drug pridih starega juga je prepeličji voz, ki ga tradicionalno vleče ujemajoči se par mul. Jane Fonda in vseh pet njegovih otrok so se zbrali in enega naredili posebej za Turnerja. "Lepo je-vse iz hrasta-in praktično, nekaj, kar smo dejansko potrebovali," pravi in ​​sklene: "To je bilo dobro sprejeto darilo." Na voljo je bilo z usnjenim oblačilom Atlanta Braves-takrat je bil lastnik ekipe-in ​​vodja psov ter pomočnik vodnika psov sta bila nato oblečena v jakne iste modre barve. Danes nosijo oranžne kape z bizoni, ki služijo promociji najnovejšega podjetja Turnerja, restavracijske verige z imenom Ted 's Montana Grill, specializirano za tega govejega sesalca (z več kot 30.000 glavami je največji) zasebni rejnik bizonov v državi).

Eden najbolj mrzlično pričakovanih dogodkov na celotnem plantažnem krogu je vsakoletno terensko preizkušanje Georgia-Florida, tekmovanje, na katerem se psi ocenjujejo glede na njihove splošne lovske sposobnosti. »20 let smo vstopili vanj in izgubili,« se smeje Turner, »šala pa je bila v tem, da sem tukaj že osvojil pokal America 's in svetovno serijo. Vedno sem mislil, da bi bilo tudi zmagovanje na terenu poskusiti precej pisano. In lani sem bil tam, ko smo to storili-s Tuckerjem, čudovitim štiriletnim angleškim nastaviteljem-in se mi je čudovito mudilo. "

Gostje v Avalonu so lahko močni-na primer Jimmy Carter, ki je Turnerja opisal kot enega svojih junakov ali Val Kilmerja, ki je "Jane in meni dal Land Rover, s katerim se danes vozim 'm", ali Toma Brokawa, ali Sam Nunn - vendar so ritmi življenja na plantažah lagodni. "Ležerno je vse relativno, kajne," meni Turner. »Mislim, počasi v primerjavi s polžem? Ali v primerjavi s hrtom? Tukaj je sproščeno - sproščeno sem#x27m. Ampak ostajam zaposlen. " Zaseden med drugim s ponovno zasaditvijo dolgolistnega bora in žične trave, ki je na tem območju cvetela pred stoletji. Turner je že obnovil 8000 hektarjev enega in 1000 drugega. "Tega še nikoli ni naredil nihče v takšnem obsegu - nihče niti ni poskusil," poudarja Beau Turner. Kot pojasnjuje njegov oče, "sem tukaj in na mojih drugih posestvih zelo močan naravovarstvenik in moje fundacije so donirale precejšen znesek denarja za ohranjanje vseh vrst, od reševanja goril do tja. Želim, da bi bil moj denar pozitivna sila v svetu. "

Če se Turner še vedno trudi, da bi ga »iztisnili iz vodstvene vloge« v Time Warnerju, ki mu je sredi devetdesetih let prejšnjega stoletja prodal svoje podjetje in postal največji posamezni delničar konglomerata in nazadnje njegov podpredsednik, obstajajo tolažbe . »Avalon je odličen kraj za staranje - podnebje je odlično in lepo, mirno. To je čudovit kraj za nekoga, ki se približuje upokojitveni starosti. Saj ne, da se bom kdaj upokojil! "

Ne, dokler obstaja še nekaj zgodovine, ki jo lahko naredi. Ali pa levi planet, ki mu lahko pomaga rešiti. Nedvomno bo prišel dan, ko bo Ted Turner, kot tisti »nekoč in bodoči kralj«, Arthur, zapustil meglice Avalona in zavladal na drugem področju. Konec koncev je jutri res nov dan.


"Ne želim imeti nič opraviti z Andyjem Powellom ": Rock legenda in ustanovitelj Wishbone Ash Martin Turner o njegovem bridkem razhodu z zasedbo

Ko govorimo o zapuščini svoje nekdanje skupine Wishbone Ash in polemiki o njeni zapuščini, se v tem ekskluzivnem intervjuju odpre Martin Turner.

(Vir: Getty Images)

"Malo sem naglušen, zato bi vas prosil, da nekaj ponovite."

To je bilo prvo, kar je sedemdesetletni prvotni ustanovni član Wishbone Ash, povedal Meaww med našim telefonskim intervjujem Martin Turner. To ni bilo presenečenje. Pred kratkim so isto priznali tudi drugi rock zvezdniki, ki so tako dolgo v poslu - med njimi Eric Clapton in The Who's Roger Daltrey - kar sem opozoril Martina. "Da, to je poklicna nevarnost," je opozoril Martin. "Pravzaprav so se mi v posebnem incidentu leta 1976 poškodovala ušesa in od takrat imam tinitus."

Preden sem ga dobil priložnost vprašati o podrobnostih, ki mi jih na koncu nikoli ni uspelo, je Martin v smehu skomignil z rameni in rekel: "Ja, no, naučiš se živeti s tem!"

Martin je najbolj znan po svojem času kot bas kitarist, glavni vokal in ustanovni član ene najtrpežnejših rock skupin v zgodovini - Wishbone Ash. Zaznan po svoji široki uporabi harmonijskega formata dvojne vodilne kitare, ki je pritegnil električne blues skupine, odkar sta Jeff Beck in Jimmy Page skupaj igrala v Yardbirds leta 1966, je bila skupina navedena kot vpliv ustanovitelja in basista Stevea Harrisa Iron Maiden , pa tudi Thin Lizzy in druge dvojne kitarske skupine.

"Fantje iz skupine Thin Lizzy so mi pravzaprav povedali, da so prihajali na naše koncerte in da bodo v prvi vrsti. Včasih so prihajali kar redno. Nekega dne pa so odhajali iz ene od naših predstav in Phil Lynott (ustanovitelj skupine) se je obrnil in rekel: "To je zvok, ki ga moramo dobiti." Vsekakor so to zelo dobro opravili. Fantastično so uspešni. "

Pred kratkim je Wishbone Ash izdal "The Vintage Years"-luksuzen 30 CD komplet, napolnjen z redkostmi, spominki, posamično podpisanimi fotografijami vsakega člana skupine iz prvotne zasedbe in razkošno knjigo s trdimi platnicami na 156 straneh. Omejena naklada je strogo omejena na 2500 izvodov in vključuje vseh 16 studijskih albumov med letoma 1970-1991, tri izvirne albume v živo ('Live Dates', 'Live Dates Volume Two' & amp 'Live in Tokyo') in osem prej neobjavljenih v živo albumi, posneti med letoma 1973 in 1980.

Kot sem povedal Martinu, je to več, kot jih povprečna skupina lahko ustvari v svoji celotni aktivni karieri, in The Vintage Years niti ne pokrivajo celotne kariere Wishbonea. "Očitno mislim, da nihče ni pričakoval, da bo tako dolgo počel," je rekel Martin, ko sem ga vprašal, kako se počutiš kot del dediščine, ki se razteza več kot pol stoletja.

"To je vsekakor lep paket," je dodal, ko je govoril o povsem novi naslovnici, ki jo je zasnoval Colin Elgie, prvotni oblikovalec za nagrajeno umetnino iz rokavov "Live Dates". "They had a lot of good material to work with. It even includes the original Live Dates live album from 1974 and a whole lot of stuff from my personal tape collection."

I asked Martin to pick his single favorite album, live or otherwise from the box-set. Martin skirted the question saying: "Well, that's a bit like saying which is your favorite child. I don't really have favorites." He said.

But after a little coaxing, he opened up. "In the olden days as my children call it," he started. "They used to call them records. That's quite an accurate description in the sense that they are a literal record of what was going on at the time as well as the music that went down on the tape. I think obviously, the third album - 'Argus' - traditionally, is a much-loved album and has probably sold as many copies as the whole of the rest of the Wishbone catalog put together. So yeah, I do have a particular fondness for it."

Martin's metaphoric use of the word 'record' brought me to one of my favorite questions to ask artists old and young alike. "it's interesting the way you perceive 'records'. In that context, what do you have to say about the modern streaming era and the digital age?" I asked him.

"There are good and bad aspects to it. Obviously, the good aspect is that more music is available to more people very easily. You don't have to schlep down to the record store to try and find the album you're after. Everything is available electronically. But having said that, if you are an artist, and you're writing and performing songs, then the royalties are minuscule. They are very very clearly in favor of the company that's supplying the service and not in favor of the artist. So it's a plus and minus situation."

Although Wishbone Ash has been one of the most enduring rock acts, the journey for the band has - like the title of one of their most famous hits - been 'No Easy Road' (which interestingly is the title of Martin's autobiography as well). Following the band's heydays throughout the 70's, Wishbone Ash's legacy has been marred with a constantly revolving line-up, sporadic reunions and departures, bitter splits between band members and lawsuits.

Wishbone Ash was formed in Devon, England in 1969, out of the ashes of the trio The Empty Vessels (originally known as The Torinoes, later briefly being renamed Tanglewood in 1969), which had been formed by Martin in 1963 and complemented by Steve Upton on drums. The line-up was completed by guitarists/vocalists Andy Powell and Ted Turner, both guitar legends that feature on Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Guitarists list.

In 1974, Ted Turner left the band and was replaced by Laurie Wisefield. In 1980, Martin had a reported fallout with the band over creative differences and left the band. Wisefield followed in '85. Then in 1987, the original line-up reunited for several albums – 'Nouveau Calls', 'Here to Hear' and 'Strange Affair' – until 1990, when Upton quit the band. The next year, Martin separated from the band for the second time and apparently, things have been shaky ever since. When I discussed the band's history with Martin, that bitterness was evident in his voice as well as his words.

"They put out these press releases you know. In 1980 it was announced that I had left the band and again in '91. I didn't leave. I'd like to call it 'the band left me'. They wanted to make changes that I did not agree with so they decided to split up and started working with other people."

"I've never been happy about that situation. My whole life really has been about Wishbone Ash and it's music," he added.

In 2005, Martin formed Martin Turner's Wishbone Ash, a separate band to perform music from the definitive era of the band. But as Martin points out, guitarist Andy Powell (who is now Wishbone Ash's longest standing member) was not too pleased with it. In 2013, the issue went to court, which ruled in favor of Powell. Martin attempted to appeal the decision but the courts refused him the right of appeal.

It was accepted by the court that Martin is not a current member of Wishbone Ash and that he is no longer allowed to use the name in a band title, although he is allowed to reference himself as one of the four founding original members of Wishbone Ash and to use the name as a description of the contents of his live show. He now performs as 'Martin Turner' and his live performances are billed as 'Martin Turner Ex Wishbone Ash', something that Martin is still clearly bitter about.

"That was particularly bad," Martin said talking about the lawsuit. "It was something that should have been sorted out face to face. But stupidly it ended up going to court. It was very damaging for me, my family and for Andy Powell as well."

"We did try and warn him that this was a really stupid way to deal with this problem, but he went ahead and I do think at the time that he was trying to put me out of business because I had started appearing again in live performances playing Wishbone Ash music from 2005 onwards. I don't think he was happy about that."

"Mainly for financial reasons I think, he was running the 'official Wishbone Ash' as he calls it and he wanted all the money and he wasn't willing to share any of it with me because I was out there gigging as well and I don't think he was happy about that. Especially not that I was using the name Martin Turner's Wishbone Ash as opposed to his 'offical' version. Actually, that was a name that should be considered my intellectual property because I was the author of the band’s name in the early days when we put the band together. It was a bit of an injustice I felt.”

Indeed, the story goes that after the band members wrote several suggested band names on two sheets of paper, Martin Turner picked one word from each list – 'Wishbone' and 'Ash', thus giving rise to the name of the band. But that didn't stop the courts from ruling against him.

"That was five years ago now," I chimed in trying to weigh this tense situation. "Are the bridges burnt now?" Vprašal sem.

"Not really. No. I want nothing whatsoever to do with Andy Powell," Martin said crisply. "The guy is a charlatan. He may have won the court case but it was a travesty of justice and as far as I'm concerned, he's a money grabber and I don't care for him at all. To me, he's out there playing 'fake blues' as I call it," Martin concluded with a big chuckle.

We've reached out to Andy Powell's representatives for a comment on this, and we're yet to hear from him.

Apart from this highly controversial claim, Martin and I also discussed some other relatively light-hearted stuff. When I asked him what kind of music he listens to, Martin revealed his eclectic taste to me, which would explain a lot of Wishbone Ash's early music. "I listen to all kinds of music. I listen to classical music quite a lot. Mainly Russian music - Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninov. I also listen to modern bands. I'm quite a fan of Muse. They're a bit intense, but I like them. And of course all the music from the 70's that was happening when I was out there gigging a lot in America in particular. Joe Walsh, ZZ Top, Aerosmith - you name it. All sorts of stuff."

Rightly assuming that I must be an "Indian gentleman," Martin also told me that he listens to Deva Premal, a German singer known for her meditative spiritual new-age music, which puts ancient Buddhist and Sanskrit mantras—as well as chants in other languages—into atmospheric contemporary settings. Specifically, he recommends her 2005 album 'Dakshina'. "I listen to that music when I want to chill out. when I want to relax and I swear that it has a very positive effect on me. Her recordings are beautiful."

We also discussed his autobiography 'No Easy Road – My Life and Times With Wishbone Ash and Beyond' which he released in 2012. Talking about the aptness of the title, Martin said: "Life on the road can be quite hard. To me, I take to it like a duck to the water. It's very natural for me to live like a gypsy, wandering around the world. But, it does put a strain on your relationships, your family et cetera. It's not a very natural way to live if you know what I mean. Constantly getting on and off a plane and never being in the same place for very long. Occasionally, in the 70's there were times where I was a bit washed out - too much rock and roll, too many drugs, too much alcohol. I really needed to go on a holiday for a couple of weeks. It was very difficult to find that kind of time because life was mapped out for the next year. So it is tough to be in a successful band! Hence the expression No Easy Road," he explains.

I also asked Martin what he feels about the whole "Rock is dead" mantra that keeps finding new chanters every few years or so. "Rock is dead? Nah that's just a cliche," says Martin defiantly. "You can relate to it one way or the other. Rock's lasted for a very long time since Bill Haley came up with 'Rock Around The Clock', I look around me and as each year goes by, it seems to me that there's more and more rock music out there. There's certainly more and more new guitars and equipment and foot pedals and keyboards - so I don't see any sign of rock being dead."

"The younger generation, including my children, do not seem to want to go down the same road that we did, which is to join a band and schlep around the world with a lot of equipment. They're a little impatient when it comes to making music. They tend to make it on computers. Maybe, in the long run, that will have a negative impact on musicians making live appearances, but you know what? I don't think so. Rock's not going anywhere!"

Martin is also going to be on tour this autumn, but as he told me, the dates are yet to be finalized. When I asked him if he plans to hit the studio and make music after that, he told me that he'd love to do just that. "Since about 1972, I have had a studio usually in my home and for the first time since then, for the last two-to-three years, I've not really had a satisfactory studio," Martin confessed.

"That's been an inhibiting factor for me. But, I'm gonna be moving out in a couple of months and I will then have a big shed down underground in which I can make music and be creative," the seventy-year-old exclaims with almost child-like enthusiasm. "Maybe my creative output will improve then because it hasn't been very good for the last two or three years," Martin added.


Look Inside Ted Turner‘s House in Florida

Restless and dauntless, combustible and rumbustious, eleemosynary to a degree (he gave a billion dollars to the U.N., proclaiming, “It's fun to do good!”), “televisionary” to a tee (he was right when he said, “I think I was right most of the time”), uninhibited and unrepeatable, and, with his dimpled chin and Clark Gable mustache, still impudently, swashbuckling-ly handsome, Ted Turner remains a character whose accomplishments and ways of being challenge our credulity. The man who minted the initials that fill every one of the world's waking hours—CNN —has made a place for himself in contemporary mythology.

But it was to the mythology of yore that he turned for a “special name” to grace the plantation outside Tallahassee that he purchased in the mid-1980s. That he finally had a realm of his own led him naturally back to the storybook world of King Arthur, in which he has always pictured himself imaginatively and to which he in fact belongs romantically. “My first thought was to call it Camelot,” Turner says, “but on second thought, that was a little too corny, so I gave it another Arthurian name—Avalon. My Avalon is also a mystical place.” Situated in the Red Hills region of north Florida, it is not only a naturalist's paradise but a historic property, established as the Welaunee cotton plantation by a member of the distinguished Gamble family of Virginia in 1826. (Three centuries earlier the conquistador Hernando de Soto, tramping through Florida trolling for gold, had blazed a trail through the place, and a vestige of it survives to this day.)

“It was about 8,000 acres when I bought it, and it was a bit of a stretch for me,” Turner confesses. “When you start to make money, in the beginning you don't feel wealthy, so anything that costs millions of dollars kind of scares you a little bit—it did me—but as I lived with wealth longer, I grew more accustomed to it.” Accustomed enough, at any rate, to have amassed an additional 25,000 acres along the way, which make Avalon the biggest quail plantation in either Florida or Georgia. And accustomed enough to have also accumulated—Turner prefers “collected”—nearly two million acres of mostly western ranchland, which make him by all accounts the largest individual landowner in the United States. This man who famously lived in his office in Adanta for 10 years and didn't shell out for a new suit or even a professional haircut for 20 says of Avalon, “I acquired more land because I required more land—I wanted to. I never like to buy anything except land. It's the only thing that lasts.”

The long driveway is lined with live oak and old pine, the requisite Spanish moss dripping off them, and at its end, fantastically, 15 peacocks appear, strutting their gorgeous stuff. The 15,000-square-foot Colonial Revival plantation house, with its white multicolumned façade and curving twin wings, betokens all manner of graces as well as all graces of manor. “It was built, I was always told, in 1938, which is easy for me to remember because that's the year I was born,” Turner offers. Behind the house are three tiers of formal gardens and a 300-acre natural lake (there's another, man-made lake a mile and a half away, which he keeps stocked with bass and bream). Tellingly, there is no pool in sight. ”I'm not into pools,” he says. “I don't have a pool anywhere.”

Ever entrepreneurial, Turner took care to purchase Avalon furnished. “I simply told the family that was selling it that I wanted their antiques—I negotiated that—and then over the years some things left and some things came.” Coming by way of Turner himself were the nautical paintings in the dining room and the living room, the dog portraits in the entrance hall, and several signature works by Albert Bierstadt, the 19th-century artist renowned for his golden-toned panoramas of the newly opened American West. “He made those landscapes look even better than they actually do,” marvels Turner, who has one of the largest collections of Bierstadts in private hands.

The most remarkable painting in the house, however, would have to be the portrait of Vivien Leigh as a scaldingly haughty Scarlett O'Hara. “When I bought MGM with its great film library and owned Oditi z vetrom, I toyed with the idea of opening a Oditi z vetrom museum in Atlanta, and I was looking for memorabilia to buy to put in it,” Turner recounts. “This painting turned up, and when the museum didn't happen, I hung it in my house. It's when Scarlett tells Rhett she's not going to have sex with him anymore ⟊use she doesn't want any more kids. She says, ‘I'm going to lock my door at night,’ and he tells her that if he wanted to get in, no lock would keep him out. Later, he's in his bedroom down the hall, where he has this picture of her hanging, and he takes a big swig of whiskey or something and then just hurls his glass at it—you can see the mark where it hit.” A frequent guest at Avalon confides, “Ted's men friends always point at the painting and say to their wives, ‘Frankly, my dear, I don't give a damn!’ None of Ted's own wives or girlfriends have ever been able to stand that picture, by the way it's just too much competition—it makes Scarlett the lady of the house.” Turner readily admits to “identifying” with Scarlett every bit as much as with Rhett: “She liked the land, she liked her plantation—that's where she was going when everything else fell apart.”

Avalon is, alone of his more than 20 major residences, the place Ted Turner doesn't hesitate to call home. He spends more time at Avalon than anywhere else. “I got married here once,” he volunteers, alluding to his wedding to Jane Fonda in 1991, which took place in a small private chapel on the property. It is a fact that he spends more time at Avalon than anywhere else, fishing year-round and popping up in September for dove, November through March for quail, and March and April for turkey. “Everything we shoot, we eat,” he declares.

His son Beau, a trained biologist now in charge of the Department of Natural Resources at Turner Enterprises, comments, “There's a lot of heart in the place—my dad's heart. He's a reflective guy—he's not just going out there and shooting anything that flies he's seeing the different birds and identifying them, too. He's more like an ornithologist, really.” Ted Turner pipes up, “There are wood storks here there are eagles. In spring and summer there are swallowtailed kites, which are pretty rare, and we reintroduced the red-cockaded woodpecker, which is an endangered species— There's also bear, black bear. And there are plenty of alligators—normally they stay down in the lake, but the other day one came right up to the kitchen door looking for some good southern cooking.” He adds, “We eat the food of the Old South here—that's one thing we surely do.”

Another Old Southern touch is the quail wagon, which is traditionally pulled by a matched pair of mules. Jane Fonda and all five of his children got together and had one specially made for Turner. “It's beautiful—all oak—and it's practical, something we actually needed,” he says, concluding, “It was a well-received gift.” It came complete with Atlanta Braves-blue leather—he owned the team at the time—and the dog handler and assistant dog handler were then outfitted in jackets of the same blue. Today they wear orange caps with bison on them that serve to promote Turner's latest business venture, a restaurant chain called Ted's Montana Grill that specializes in that bovine mammal (with more than 30,000 head to his name, he's the biggest private bison rancher in the country).

One of the most feverishly anticipated events on the whole plantation circuit is the annual Georgia-Florida Field Trial, a competition in which dogs are judged on their overall hunting ability. “For 20 years we entered it and lost,” Turner laughs, “and the joke was that here I had already won the America's Cup and the World Series. I just always thought it would be pretty colorful to win the field trial, too. And last year I was there when we did—with Tucker, a beautiful four-year-old English setter—and I got a wonderful rush.”

The guests at Avalon may be high-powered—Jimmy Carter, for instance, who has described Turner as one of his heroes or Val Kilmer, who “gave Jane and me a Land Rover that I'm driving today” or Tom Brokaw, or Sam Nunn—but the rhythms of plantation life are leisurely. “Leisurely is all relative, isn't it,” Turner counters. “I mean, slow compared to a snail? Or compared to a greyhound? It's relaxed here— I'm relaxed. But I stay busy.” Busy, among other things, replanting the longleaf pine and wire grass that flourished in the area centuries ago. Turner has already reestablished 8,000 acres of the one and 1,000 of the other. “No one has ever done this on a scale like this before—no one has even tried,” Beau Turner points out. As his father explains, “I'm a very strong conservationist here and on my other properties, and my foundations have donated a significant amount of money to conservation causes of all different kinds, from saving the gorillas to you name it. I want my money to be a positive force in the world.”

If Turner is still smarting from being “squeezed out of a management role” at Time Warner, to which he sold his company in the mid-1990s, becoming the conglomerate's largest individual stockholder and, ultimately, its vice chairman, there are consolations. “Avalon is a great place to grow old—the climate is great, and it's beautiful, peaceful. It's a wonderful place for someone that's nearing retirement age. Not that I'm ever going to retire!”

No, not as long as there is some more history he can make. Or a planet left that he can help save. The day will doubtless come when Ted Turner, like that “once and future king,” Arthur, will leave the mists of Avalon and rule another realm. After all, tomorrow really is another day.


South Carolina’s Wild Acquisition

Th e first thing you notice about St. Phillips Island is what isn’t there. There are no footprints on the beach and no sounds besides those of the animals. No roads, no stores, no music, no people other than those you came with. Thousands of shells blanket the sand because nobody has taken any away. Opalescent oyster shells, some as long as your hand, lie unbothered in thick piles.

“I look at this and think, this has to be what people saw the first time they set foot here at the turn of the eighteenth century,” says Phil Gaines, the recently retired director of the South Carolina State Park Service who now assists with special projects. A science and history buff, Gaines is responsible for making St. Phillips, a 4,682-acre barrier island just northeast of Hilton Head that was once Ted Turner’s private refuge, into South Carolina’s newest—and most ecologically significant—addition to the state park system.

“This is a once-in-a-generation opportunity for this state,” Gaines says about the acquisition. “The challenge is how to share the island without changing it, without losing what makes it so special.” It’s a riddle that Gaines and his team were eager to tackle in December 2017 when Turner, the billionaire conservationist, sold St. Phillips to the state after using it for nearly forty years as a beach retreat for his family.

The Turner family cottage.

Turner bought St. Phillips in 1979, both to capture a piece of the Lowcountry he loved and to save it from development. “When I was a young boy living in Savannah, the Atlantic coastline was still largely wild and untouched,” Turner says. “So, when I purchased St. Phillips Island, I voluntarily attached a conservation easement to the deed so that the land could never be turned into a cookie-cutter golf course resort.”

Turner carved out a handful of trails for exploring the island, built a beach cottage and a caretaker’s house overlooking the ocean, and began an effort to essentially turn back time for the island’s animal population. After eradicating aggressive feral hogs, he restored the habitats of imperiled fox squirrels, Eastern indigo snakes, and loggerhead turtles that had disappeared as development encroached nearby.

As time passed, however, Turner and his family visited less frequently and eventually decided it was time to sell St. Phillips, but only “to someone who would appreciate it as much as we did,” Turner says. That someone turned out to be the state of South Carolina, which acquired the property at a fraction of its appraised value to add to Hunting Island State Park.

Gaines and his team worked methodically to create a plan for people to enjoy the island without degrading its raw and rugged character. The first phase of that plan began this fall, with limited tours traveling by boat down the Story River to the dock on St. Phillips. From there, a rambling tram ride crosses through a dense maritime forest and a rare ancient dune system. Alligators watch from sloughs while beefy black fox squirrels dart across longleaf pines. Old-growth magnolias, some seventy feet tall, twist up past Spanish moss–draped oaks, and bald eagles and ospreys fly overhead. The four-mile jaunt ends with an interpretive hike with a ranger, and then lunch in the Turner house and a walk out to the beach, where flocks of Wilson’s plovers dart across the sand, and fat sheepshead and speckled trout swim just past the waves.

After a break for winter, the public tours will resume in the spring, with overnight stays in the Turner house envisioned in the year after that. “We want to spark curiosity with these treasures,” Gaines says. “Ideally, people will go home and want to know more. And if you know more, you’ll care more about what we’ve all been entrusted with.”

Know Before You Go

WHAT: A six-hour day trip to St. Phillips Island, South Carolina, the uninhabited barrier island owned until recently by philanthropist Ted Turner. A guided tour of the island will include its interior, an unspoiled beach, lunch at the Turner house, and time to hike and explore on your own. Specific itineraries will vary with the tide schedule.

WHERE: Tours leave by boat from Russ Point Landing at Hunting Island State Park, South Carolina, to St. Phillips Island and return.

WHEN: November 9, 10, 16, and 17 (all sold out). Tours will resume in spring 2019.

HOW: Tickets are $100 per person and available only online through South Carolina State Parks.

ALSO: Pack sunscreen, bug spray, and your sense of adventure. This is not your typical day at the beach.


Poglej si posnetek: ANDY POWELL u0026 TED TURNER - The King Will Come (Januar 2022).